Hoi An

Hoi An

Things to do - general

Hội An (, Hoi an, Vietnam), formerly known as Fai-Fo or Faifoo, is a city with a population of approximately 120,000 in Vietnam’s Quảng Nam Province and noted since 1999 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Old Town Hội An, the city’s historic district, is recognized as an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century, its buildings and street plan reflecting a unique blend of influences, indigenous and foreign.[2][3] Prominent in the city’s old town, is its covered “Japanese Bridge,” dating to the 16th-17th century.

Culture and history info

Between the seventh and 10th centuries, the Cham (people of Champa) controlled the strategic spice trade and with this came tremendous wealth. The former harbour town of the Cham at the estuary of the Thu Bồn River was an important Vietnamese trading centre in the 16th and 17th centuries, where Chinese from various provinces as well as Portuguese, Japanese, Dutch and Indians settled. During this period of the China trade, the town was called Hai Pho (Seaside Town) in Vietnamese.

Originally, Hai Pho was a divided town with the Japanese settlement across the "Japanese Bridge" (16th-17th century). The bridge (Chùa cầu) is a unique covered structure built by the Japanese, the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist temple attached to one side.

The early history of Hội An is that of the Cham. These Austronesian-speaking Malayo-Polynesian peoples created the Champa Empire which occupied much of what is now central and lower Vietnam, from Huế to beyond Nha Trang. Various linguistic connections between Cham and the related Jarai language and the Austronesian languages of Indonesia (particularly Acehnese), Malaysia, and Hainan has been documented. In the early years, Mỹ Sơn was the spiritual capital, Trà Kiệu was the political capital and Hội An was the commercial capital of the Champa Empire - later, by the 14th century, the Cham moved further down towards Nha Trang. The river system was used for the transport of goods between the highlands, inland countries of Laos and Thailand and the low lands.

In 1535 Portuguese explorer and sea captain António de Faria, coming from Da Nang, tried to establish a major trading centre at the port village of Faifo. Hội An was founded as a trading port by the Nguyễn Lord Nguyễn Hoàng sometime around 1595. The Nguyễn lords were far more interested in commercial activity than the Trịnh lords who ruled the north. As a result, Hội An flourished as a trading port and became the most important trade port on the East Vietnam Sea. Captain William Adams, the English sailor and confidant of Tokugawa Ieyasu, is known to have made at least one trading mission to Hội An (around 1619). The early Portuguese Jesuits also had one of their two residences at Hội An.

In the 18th century, Hội An was considered by Chinese and Japanese merchants to be the best destination for trading in all of south-east Asia, even Asia. The Japanese believed the heart of all of Asia (the dragon) lay beneath the earth of Hội An. The city also rose to prominence as a powerful and exclusive trade conduit between Europe, China, India, and Japan, especially for the ceramic industry. Shipwreck discoveries have shown that Vietnamese and Asian ceramics were transported from Hội An to as far as Sinai, Egypt.

Hội An's importance waned sharply at the end of the 18th century because of the collapse of Nguyễn rule (thanks to the Tây Sơn Rebellion - which was opposed to foreign trade). Then, with the triumph of Emperor Gia Long, he repaid the French for their aid by giving them exclusive trade rights to the nearby port town of Đà Nẵng. Đà Nẵng became the new centre of trade (and later French influence) in central Vietnam while Hội An was a forgotten backwater. Local historians also say that Hội An lost its status as a desirable trade port due to silting up of the river mouth. The result was that Hội An remained almost untouched by the changes to Vietnam over the next 200 years.

Today, the town is a tourist attraction because of its history, traditional architecture and crafts such as textiles and ceramics. Many bars, hotels, and resorts have been constructed both in Hội An and the surrounding area. The port mouth and boats are still used for both fishing and tourism.

Culture and history image

Unfortunately there are no accommodations at this location at the moment.

Ba Na Hills Private Tour

Ba Na Hills Private Tour

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Ba Na Hills Private Tour Introduction: Ba Na Hills Private Tour brings you to visit the most spectac More info
Ba Na Hills Tour from Hoi An

Ba Na Hills Tour from Hoi An

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Ba Na Hills Tour from Hue

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Central Vietnam Package Tour from Indonesia

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Central Vietnam Tour Package from Myanmar

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Da Nang Package Tour From Hong Kong

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Da Nang Package Tour from Korea

Da Nang Package Tour from Korea

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Da Nang Package Tour from Korea Itinerary Day 1: Da Nang Aiport Pick up We will come to meet and pic More info
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Da Nang Package Tour from Singapore

Da Nang Package Tour from Singapore

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Half Day Hoi An Biking Tour

Half Day Hoi An Biking Tour

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Half Day Hoi An Biking Tour Overview: Hoi An Biking Tour will offer you an enjoyable bicycle ride to More info
Hoi An Basket Boat Tour

Hoi An Basket Boat Tour

Hoi An
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Hoi An Biking and Cooking Class Tour

Hoi An Biking and Cooking Class Tour

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Hoi An Biking Tour

Hoi An Biking Tour

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Hoi An City Tour

Hoi An City Tour

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Hoi An City Tour Itinerary In the morning, our tour guide will come and pick you up at your hotel in More info
Hoi An Cycling Tour

Hoi An Cycling Tour

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Hoi An Day Trip From Chan May Port

Hoi An Day Trip From Chan May Port

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Hoi An Day Trip From Cruise Ship

Hoi An Day Trip From Cruise Ship

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Hoi An Day Trip From Tien Sa port

Hoi An Day Trip From Tien Sa port

Hoi An
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Hoi An Eco Tour

Hoi An Eco Tour

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Hoi An Farming and Fishing Tour

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Hoi An
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HOI AN FISHING TOUR

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Hoi An Package Tour

Hoi An Package Tour

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Hoi An Private Shore Excursion from Tien Sa port

Hoi An Private Shore Excursion from Tien Sa port

Hoi An
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Hoi An Private Tour

Hoi An Private Tour

Hoi An
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Hoi An Sunrise Eco Tour

Hoi An Sunrise Eco Tour

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Jeep Tour From Hoi An to Hue

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My Lai Massacre Private Tour

My Lai Massacre Private Tour

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My Son Private Tour

My Son Private Tour

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My Son Sanctuary and Hoi An city tour from Da Nang

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My Son Sanctuary From Hoi An

My Son Sanctuary From Hoi An

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MY SON SANCTUARY FROM HOI AN: In the morning the tour guide and driver will come to collect you at t More info
My Son Sanctuary Group Tour from Da Nang

My Son Sanctuary Group Tour from Da Nang

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My Son Sanctuary Shore Excursion

My Son Sanctuary Shore Excursion

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My Son Sanctuary Sunset Tour

My Son Sanctuary Sunset Tour

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My Son Sunrise Tour

My Son Sunrise Tour

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My Son Tour with Boat Trip

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Paradise Cave Tour from Hoi An

Paradise Cave Tour from Hoi An

Quang Binh, Hoi An
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PHONG NHA TO HOI AN PRIVATE CAR

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PRIVATE CAR TRANSFER HUE TO HOI AN

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Shore Excursion Hoi An City

Shore Excursion Hoi An City

Hoi An
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Shore Excursion to Marble Mountains and Hoi An ancient town

Shore Excursion to Marble Mountains and Hoi An ancient town

Da Nang, Hoi An
Shore Excursion to Marble Mountains and Hoi An Ancient town Program Firstly, in the morning we come More info
Things to do in Hoi An

Things to do in Hoi An

Da Nang, Quang Binh, Hue, Hoi An
Things you must do when you are in hoi an Hoi An overview Hoi An is a charming, peaceful city by the More info
Tra Que Vegetable Village Tour and Cooking Class

Tra Que Vegetable Village Tour and Cooking Class

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Travel Agent in Danang city

Travel Agent in Danang city

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TRAVEL AGENT IN DANANG CITY: Premium Travel Vietnam (PTV) is the best, reputable, professional trave More info
Vietnam Package Tour

Vietnam Package Tour

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Vietnam Shore Excursions

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